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Direct Attach Cable(DAC) VS Active Optical Cables(AOC)

by www.fiber-mart.com

Direct Attach Cable(DAC) VS Active Optical Cables(AOC)


As one kind of optical transceiver assembly, Active Optical Cables (AOC) and Direct Attach Cables (DAC) are a alteration of optical transceiver, they are used to connect switches with one another when creating a stack or switches to routers or servers.


A Direct Attach Cable (DAC) can be produced as passive or active. As the passive DAC has no active components, it offers a direct electrical connection between corresponding cable ends. This method can also be completed by an active DAC, which is considered active because there are extra electronics embedded inside the connectors. Therefore it helps to advance signal quality, offering a longer cable distance. The DAC is a fixed assembly that can be bought in several lengths for short distances of up to 15 Meter.They are suitable for short distances, making them ideal for highly cost-effective networking connectivity within a rack and between adjacent racks.


AOC cable is always active. It has two types of connectors combined with fixed optical fibers with a similar function as optical transceivers. In respond to the demand for a higher data bandwidth, active optical cable (AOC cable) has came into being to satisfy different cloud computing applications. Active optical cable is a term used to describe a cable that mates with standard electrical interfaces. The electrical-to-optical conversion on the cable ends is adopted to enhance the transmission speed and distance of the cable without sacrificing compatibility of standard electrical interfaces.


Both DAC and AOC have their particular advantage and disadvantage.


Growth of fiber technology, someone may believe that copper technology is obsolete. This is not accurate for direct attach copper cables. Indeed, a direct attach copper cable still has its advantages:


With the growth of copper cable technology, in Today’s market,DAC can support higher data rates than old copper interfaces—from 4Gbps to 100Gbps per channel.  reduce the overall power consumption and heat dissipation, which help network operators save cost.DAC cables are similar and hot swappable just like fiber optic modules. Supporting such multiple protocols from Gigabit to 100G Ethernet,Direct Attach Cables (DAC) are a cost effective solution compared to optical transceivers.


DAC cables have the potential to Another factor is that DAC cable is robust and does not need patch panels or additional cables when connected to devices, as is the case with an optical module. The modules on both ends make them sturdy and reliable as well as space-saving.


Though there are a few disadvantages of using direct attach cables: One of it is that direct attach (DAC) copper cables are more thick and massive than AOC cables, making it difficult to be managed. Additionally, since the electrical signals are used, direct attach copper cables are susceptible to the effects of electromagnetic interference (EMI), such as unwanted responses, degradation, or complete system failure.


AOC provides more advantages, such as lighter weight, high performance, low power consumption, low interconnection loss, EMI immunity and flexibility.


AOCs are a substitute to optical transceivers which exclude the detachable interface between transceiver modules and optical cables. It offers a number of advantages over direct attach copper (DAC) cables. due to its material, AOC weighs less than a DAC cable. optical fiber uses light signals, AOC is immune to electromagnetic interference. the disadvantage of AOC is that it may be a slight more expensive for customers.


Whatever believe it or not, Nothing can be perfect, so do the DAC cables. Although they can save space and cost for data center managers, the drawbacks still exist. As the main element of DAC cable is copper, it is heavy and bulky. the more important, if DAC cables are deployed in high volume, the cable diameter and cable stiffness are another problem that should be considered. In this case, active optical cables (AOC cables) seem to be a better choice, for they are made of thinner and more pliable optical cable.


Fiber-Mart supplies various kinds of high speed interconnect DAC & AOC cable assemblies including 10G SFP+ Cables, 40G QSFP+ Cables, and 120G CXP AOC Cables. All of our cables can meet the ever growing need to cost-effectively deliver more bandwidth, and can be customized to meet different requirements. For more information,pls visit www.fibermart.com. if you have any requirements , pls not hesitate to contact with us [email protected]

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