Thursday 15 November, 2018 | RSS Feed

How to Choose Transceiver for 40 Gigabit Ethernet

by www.fiber-mart.com

40GbE (Gigabit Ethernet) is Ethernet standard developed by the IEEE 802.3ba, enabling the transfer of Ethernet frames at speeds of up to 40 gigabits per second (Gbps). Now 40 Gigabit Ethernet is becoming more and more popular, suitable for high-speed, high-demand, and computing applications. For a 40GbE network, transceiver modules are one of the most basic components for transmission, used to plugged into either network servers or various of components such as interface cards and switches. 40GbE transceivers are being developed along several standard form factors. Some basic knowledge of 40GbE transceivers will be provided in the following text.
The CFP (C form-factor pluggable) transceiver features twelve transmit and twelve receive 10Gbps lanes to support one 100GbE port, or up to three 40GbE ports. Its larger size is suitable for the needs of single-mode optics and can easily serve multimode optics or copper as well. The following picture shows a CFP transceiver. 40GBASE CFP transceiver modules are hot-swappable input/output devices that plug into a 40 Gigabit Ethernet CFP port of a switch or router. CFP modules offer customers versatile 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity options in core and distribution layers of data center, enterprise, and service provider networks. Main features of 40GBASE CFP modules include:
Support for 40GBASE Ethernet and OTU3 standards
Support for "pay-as-you-populate" model
Support for digital optical monitoring (DOM)
Variety of interface choices for 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity
Interoperability with respective industry IEEE- and/or OTU3-compliant interfaces
Support for the Cisco quality identification (ID) feature, which enables a Cisco switch or router to identify whether the module is certified and tested by Cisco
CXP Transceiver
The CXP transceiver form factor also provides twelve lanes in each direction but is much smaller than the CFP and serves the needs of multimode optics and copper. The Roman number X means that each channel has a transmission rate of 10 Gbps. CXP is a kind of hot-pluggable transceiver with data rate up to 12×10 Gbps. It provides twelve 10 Gbit/s links suitable for single 100 Gigabit Ethernet, three 40 Gigabit Ethernet channels, or twelve 10 Gigabit Ethernet channels or a single Infiniband 12× QDR link. The C is the Roman numeral for 100 as a memory aid.
QSFP/QSFP+ Transceiver
The QSFP/QSFP+ (quad small-form-factor pluggable) is similar in size to the CXP and provides four transmit and four receive lanes to support 40GbE applications for multimode and single-mode fiber and copper today. It is the most popular interface of 40G transceivers now. Two main types of QSFP+ transceivers used in the data center are QSFP-40G-SR4 and QSFP-40GE-LR4. The following picture shows an Arista QSFP-40G-SR4 QSFP+ transceiver and a Cisco QSFP-40GE-LR4 QSFP+ transceiver. QSFP-40G-SR4 is used in 4x10G mode along with ribbon to duplex fiber breakout cables for connectivity to four 10GBASE-SR optical interfaces. 40GBASE-LR4 QSFP+ module supports link lengths of up to 10km over a standard pair of G.652 single-mode fibres with duplex LC connectors. In addition, there are other types of QSFP+ modules, such as QSFP-40G-ER4, 40GBASE-PLRL4, etc. Main features of 40GBase QSFP+ modules include:
Support for 40GBASE Ethernet
Flexibility of interface choice
Hot-swappable input/output device that plugs into a 40-Gigabit Ethernet QSFP+ switch port
Interoperable with other IEEE-compliant 40GBASE interfaces available in various form factors
Support for "pay-as-you-populate" model
fiber-mart.com offers customers a wide variety of high-density 40 Gigabit Ethernet connectivity options for data center, high-performance computing networks, enterprise core and distribution layers, and service provider transport applications.

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