How to Use Optical Power Meter
To ensure the signal transmission quality in fiber optic network, optical power should be well controlled. Optical power should not be too high or too low. And it should be within the scope of the device’s requirement. To achieve accurate measurement, optical power meter is usually used to test the optical power. It is easy to use and can be really helpful during fiber optic network installation and maintenance.
Buttons on Optical Power Meter
The functions and operation of optical power meters provided by the market are similar. Generally there are four buttons on the optical power meter: power button, dBm/w button, REF button and λ button. The functions of these buttons are listed in the following:
Power button: turn the power meter on or off;
dBm/w button: shift between linear (mW) mode and logarithmic (dBm) mode;
REF button: press this button to set the current measured power as the referent point;
λ button: select the calibrated wavelength. The most commonly used wavelengths are 850nm, 980nm, 1310nm, and 1550nm.
Adapter Type of Optical Power Meter
To use the optical power meter, a length of fiber optic patch cable is usually required to connect the optical power meter interface and the interface of devices requiring test. For instance, if the interface on the optical power meter is FC, the device for testing has a LC interface. Then a length of FC-LC fiber patch cable is needed. Some of the optical power meters have only one fixed optical interface. Some can provide replaceable optical adapter to fit different patch cables. The above mentioned FOPM-104 handheld optical power meter provides three type adapters: SC, FC and ST.
For testing of fiber optic interface like LC, SC, ST and FC, this above power meter is enough. Some optical power meter might have two optical interfaces for common connectors. However, interface like MTP/MPO, optical power meter with special interface should be used. The following picture shows a MTP optical power meter provided by fiber-mart.com.COM, which can be used to test devices or components with MTP interfaces like 40G SR4 QSFP+ transceiver.
Optical Power Measurement Using Optical Power Meter
The using the optical power meter is simple. The following video will take the example of 10G-LR SFP+ Cisco compatible module to illustrate how to use an optical power meter for testing. This cisco compatible transceiver will be inserted in Cisco Nexus 9396PX switch. A length of single-mode LC-FC fiber patch cable is required. This is because 10G-LR SFP+ transceiver is a single-mode transceiver working on wavelength of 1310nm. After the optical power meter is connected to the module. Turn on the power button and press λ button to select 1310nm wavelength. At first the power value will change rapidly, then it slows down until still. The final power value will be shown on the screen.
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